文化研究國際中心

Conflict, Justice and Decolonization Lecture & Workshop Series

  • 2017-05-02
  • 黃 勤雯

Conflict, Justice and Decolonization
 
Lecture & Workshop Series
 
 
May 10-12, 2017
 
Conflict, Justice and Decolonization I:
 
The Legacies of Pax Americana and
the Remnants of American Colonial-Empire
 
 
May 31, June 2-6, 2017
 
Conflict, Justice and Decolonization II:
 
Paradigm Shift of the Colonial-Imperial Order and
the Aporia of Human Sciences

(Website: http://ppt.cc/Dsja5、 http://iics.ust.edu.tw/2017_CJDS/ )
 
***
 
        In May and June, at the National Chiao Tung University, the International Institute for Cultural Studies will hold two workshops: (I)The Legacies of Pax Americana and the Remnants of American Colonial-Empire, and (II) Paradigm Shift of the Colonial-Imperial Order and the Aporia of Human Sciences, under the general themes of Conflict, Justice and Decolonization. The workshop series constitute part of the general long-term project Conflict and Decoloniality: the Aporia of the Community of Equals in Inter-Asian Societies’ conducted by the International Institute for Cultural Studies at the National Chiao Tung University.
       In the last two centuries since the inauguration of the modern university, the Humanities or the human sciences have played an indispensable role in shaping knowledge production in the modern international world. Despite the astounding development of the natural sciences and the emergence of social sciences, the Humanities cannot be ignored because it has been primarily in the domains of humanistic sciences that the formation of the modern national subjects has been inaugurated, planned, pursued and propagated. The task of the Humanities was to envision the image of civilized man and to manufacture modern subjects suitable to and capable of the missions of territorial national sovereignty in the modern world dictated by the system of international law. The constitution of the Humanities reflects this international principle of the modern world, while the specifically modern concept of internationality implies that the world has been bifurcated int
o the two kinds of humanity, humanitas and anthropos. In allusion to their residential regions, these two bifurcated terms are also called the West and the Rest. Thus, the modern international world has been characterized by the consecration of the nation-state on the one hand and the colonial order of the world on the other. It is no surprise that, in the last several decades, the gradual receding of the colonial and international order of the modern world has been accompanied by the crisis of the nation-state. Broadly speaking we call Globalization the on-going process in which the collapse of the colonial-imperial order is taking place, along with the weakening of the nation-states. 
        Conflicts we witness in East Asia today are not independent of this historical process of globalization. Of particular importance are the legacies of colonialisms that loom large in the western Pacific. Taking into account colonial histories in which modern educational systems were established by the British (in Singapore and Hong Kong), the Japanese (Taiwan, Korea, and Japan), and the American (East Asia in general since the end of theAsia Pacific War, and even China in recent years) colonialisms, we cannot overlook the overwhelming presence of the internationality of modernity in the formation of modern education and universities in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea and even China. At the same time, it is undeniable that the effects of Globalization are visible in East Asia.
        In the last seven decades since the end of the Asia Pacific  War/ the Second World War, when the United States of America inherited the colonial orders of Britain, Japan, France and the Netherlands, regional and inter-state conflicts have been managed under the global hegemony referred to as Pax Americana. Today we are witnessing the intimation of the end of Pax Americana. This suggests in one way or another the end of the colonial-imperial modernity that has shaped the modern international world since the eighteenth century.
        Yet, it is misleading to assume that the end of Pax Americana will be construed by the rise of a different imperial nationalism, reminiscent, for instance, of the replacement of British imperial nationalism by the American imperial nationalism that took place in the 1940’s. In East
Asia Pax Americana has been concretized in a number of institutions, not only in the politico-military spheres, but also in the shape of desire, aspiration, and moral imperative intimately lived by common peoples in everyday life. Countries such as South Korea, Taiwan, Japan, Hong Kong and China may be singled out as typical cases of economic modernizations in the late 20th and early 21st centuries, but without exception, their success stories were initially inspired by the American narrative of modernization. One might talk of American colonialism and imperialism in this part of the world, but it is important to remember that the issues of consumer capitalism, employment, economic rationality, education, and sexuality are closely associated with Pax Americana.
        The most obvious instance in the legacy of the Cold War can be observed in the American military presence in Okinawa as well as the political uncertainty of Taiwan’s and Korea’s future. The continuity of sexual violence against women and men under the colonial-imperial order – best represented by the Japanese wartime institutions of the Comfort Stations and the sex industry around US military bases. A trans-Pacific perspective is absolutely essential in this regard. Besides, the colonial-imperial order is usually best expressed in sexual terms. This includes discussions of the dynamics of shame and the memories of the comfort women. The question of sexuality is affiliated with the broader issues of biopolitics, population control, welfare programs, family planning, and women’s autonomy.
        One of the great flaws of Postcolonial Studies was that, except on rare occasions, it did not engage in a critique of the disciplinary divisions of the Humanities as a fundamental problem of
colonial-imperial
modernity, and then relate that to the critique of sovereignty and civilizational difference articulated elsewhere. A critical reassessment of the disciplines of national forms – national history, national literature – together with the historical critique of area studies will be undertaken at this workshop. Of particular importance is a historical analysis of imperial nationalism. We must understand the disciplinary formations of area studies, the most typical of the disciplinary formation of colonial knowledge production after the Second World War, from the perspective of the inner workings of imperial nationalism.
       Until recently the colonial regimes of Japanese and American colonialisms have been studied on the basis of national disciplines. For example, Japanese colonialism has been reviewed exclusively either in the context of South Korea or Taiwan. We propose a transnational, including Trans-Pacific, approach to the study of colonialisms and their legacies.
       One of the most important aspects of postcoloniality lies in the persistence of colonial consciousness among the subjects of past imperial suzerain societies. For them, the issues of postcoloniality are encountered with an intense feeling of shame. The problem of the Comfort Women is one such issue, and the Japanese reaction to it is well known internationally. We will approach the question of anthropological difference from this angle.
        In this respect, a critique of areastudies  through  the perspective of the biopolitics of translation is essential. This must lead to both an effective critique of the cybernetic and logistical reduction of the Humanities in the service of capitalist accumulation; it could be effectively combined with other parallel developments, including a critique of anthropocentrism in the Humanities, a critique of sexual and gender difference at the core of the Humanities through gender studies, a critique of race and class, the dynamics of shameful experience in decolonization strategies, and so on.
       To reflect on the general issues elaborated above and pursue further assessment of the current situation in East Asia, therefore, the lectures and workshop series to be held on May 10, 11, 12, 31, and June June 2, and 3, will be organized around the following topics:
 
(1) The Remnants of American Colonial-Empire and the Artistic Mediation of the Decolonial Bodies:
What are the affective apparatus and the aesthetic mediation of the post-colonial conditions in East Asian societies, especially the after-math of the World War II and that of the Cold War? How are different forms of social conflict, such as new racism, new slavery, xenophobia, nationalism, sexual violence, or invisible citizens, expressed through medias, arts, films, theatre or literature? As we all know, the colonial-imperial order is usually best expressed in sexual terms.  The continuity of sexual violence against women and men under the colonial-imperial order – best represented by the Japanese wartime institutions of the Comfort Stations and the sex industry around US military bases. This includes discussions of the dynamics of shame and the memories of the comfort women.  The question of sexuality is affiliated with the broader issues of biopolitics, population control, welfare programs, family planning, and women’s autonomy. A trans-Pacific perspective is absolutely essential in this regard.  We would like to share our research that we’ve engaged with contemporary societies in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Korea, Japan, etc.
(2) Decolonization of Knowledge: 
We will pursue the strategies of decolonization, particularly decolonization of knowledge, in our workshop. Decolonization cannot be accomplished without transforming how knowledge is produced. Knowledge production in the Humanities and social sciences in East Asia since the end of the Asia Pacific War has never been independent of these colonial-imperial conditions under Pax Americana. But, can the project of decolonization of knowledge be accomplished only through de-Americanization or de-Westernization? Is contemporary coloniality constituted only through Pax Americana, or a larger matrix of power relation? How do we conduct our project of decolonization of knowledge in order to challenge the aporia of the community of equals that we face today in our societies? 
(3) New Colonialism or colonial unconscious in the Age of Neoliberalism: 
What is implied by the decline of the colonial-imperial order? Or, is the colonial-imperial order really declining?  Is it actually replaced by a new form of colonialism in contemporary world of neoliberalism? Does it suggest that a new modality of dividing and ordering the world, which cannot be accommodated in the old regime of fabrica mundi or the mapping of the world that has been dominant since the early modern period, is emergent? What is this new system of borders that multiplies labor and borders? How does it affect the existing dynamics of capitalism and the communities?  What is the techniques or logistics of the new colonialism in the age of neoliberalism?
 
       The goal of bringing these various strands into communication with each other is both to highlight the connection between the control of work and the control of communication that has been at the center of the colonial regimes of accumulation (“classic colonialism”), as well as to imagine an entirely new form of disciplinary practice not to be based on the equation of evolution and knowledge.
 
 
***

 
References and Suggested Readings
(List to be updated up to the dates of and throughout the lectures/workshops)

 
 
 
 
 
 

 
Conflict, Justice and Decolonization I:
 
The Legacies of Pax Americana and 
the Remnants of American Colonial-Empire
 
May 10-12, 2017
 
Date Time Information Location
May 10 14:00-17:00
 
藤谷藤隆Takashi Fujitani
多倫多大學歷史系教授
Room106A, HA
Building2
On a Nationalist Critique of ‘Zombies’: Subjects and Sovereigns in North America and Japan under Total War
 
 
May 11 14:00-17:00
 
米山麗莎Lisa Yoneyama
(多倫多大學人類學╱婦女與性別研究學系教授)
Room106A, HA
Building2, NCTU
“Comfort women” Redress and the Japanese Right-wing Revisionism (*provisional)
 
 
May 12 10:00-12:00
 
藤谷藤隆Takashi Fujitani
多倫多大學歷史系教授
 
Discussants:
Emie Parry 白瑞梅(中央英美系教授)
Alain Brossat(巴黎八大、交大社文所客座教授)
Room106A, HA
Building2, NCTU
Decolonization as Empire Building: Japanese and American Wartime Films on the Liberation of the Philippines, 1943-1945
13:00-15:00
 
米山麗莎Lisa Yoneyama
(多倫多大學人類學╱婦女與性別研究學系教授)
 
Discussants:
林建廷(中央英美系助理教授)
王智明(中研院歐美所副研究員)
Remnants of American Justice: Decolonization and Indigeneity in Okinawa’s Transpacific Critique
15:30-17:30
 
坪井秀人Hideto Tsuboi
京都日本研究國際中心日本文學教授
 
Discussants:
Dean Brink 包德樂(交大外文系副教授)
酒井直樹 Naoki Sakai(康乃爾大學東亞研究╱比較文學系教授)
The Dead recolonizes the Living: Rethinking the Discourses on the Dead
after "Fukushima" in Japan
 
 
 

 
Conflict, Justice and Decolonization II:
Paradigm Shift of the Colonial-Imperial Order and
the Aporia of Human Sciences
 
May 31, June 2-6, 2017
 
Date Time Information Location
May 31 14:00-17:00
 
Sandro Mezzadra
(義大利波隆那大學社會與文化思想史學系教授)
Room106A, HA
Building2, NCTU
Democracy Under Erasure? The European Union and Its Multiple Crises
 
 
June 2 9:30-9:50 Registration Room204, HA
Building2, NCTU
9:50-10:00 Opening
 
Prof. Naoki Sakai & Prof. Joyce C.H. Liu
 
10:00-12:30
 
How Do We Address the Present?
 
Jon Solomon
(法國里昂大學教授)
Arrested Decolonial Transition and Apocalyptic Manicheanism: Knowledge Production in the Apparatus of Area Under Postwar U.S. Dullesism
 
Alain Brossat
(巴黎八大、交大社文所客座教授)
How to speak in a rational way about the present dangers of war, in East Asia and elsewhere? 

 
12:30-13:30
 
Lunch break
 
13:30-15:30
 
Social Conflict, Aesthetic Mediation and the (un)Decolonized Bodies in East Asia I
 
井上間従文Mayumo Inoue
(日本一橋大學語言與社會研究所副教授)
Toward an Expansive Field: Aesthetic Mediums and Imperial Mediation in Okinawa
 
林國偉Benny Lim
(香港中文大學文化及宗教研究系助理教授)
The Representations of Metanarratives in Postcolonial Hong Kong 
– a Case Study of Umbrella Festival
 
鍾佩琦 Peichi Chung
(香港中文大學文化與宗教研究系)
Hong Kong Cinema and Its Reconnection with South-East Asian Heritage

 
15:30-16:00 Coffee Break
 
 
16:00-18:00
 
Social Conflict, Aesthetic Mediation and the (un)Decolonized Bodies in East Asia II
 
陳佩甄 Eno Pei Jean Chen
(中央研究院博士後研究員)
The Love Unconscious: On Decolonializing Love in Taiwan and South Korea
 
汪俊彥Chunyen Wang
(台灣師範大學台灣語文學系助理教授)
What Does “an Open Body” Say? The Body and the Cold-war 
in the early 1980s Theatre of Taiwan
 
王威智Wei-Chih Wang
(清華大學天下書院導師)
National Consciousness and Taiwanese Bodies in Modern Taiwan Theater

 
 
 
June 3 10:00-12:30
 
New Colonialism in the Age of Neoliberalism and the Future of Humanities
 
Room204, HA
Building2, NCTU

 
Sandro Mezzadra
(義大利波隆那大學社會與文化思想史學系教授)
Excavating the global. Multiplation of labor and the challenges of Decolonization 
 
Roundtable Discussants:
Joyce C.H. Liu (NCTU)
Yuan-Horng Chu (NCTU)
Shu-Fen Lin (NCTU) 
Yen-Lin Tsai (NCTU)
Andy Wang (Academia Sinica) 

 
12:30-13:30
 
Lunch break
 
13:30-15:30
 
SRCS & IACS Students Projects  
 
15:30-16:00
 
Coffee Break
 
16:00-18:00
 
The Past and the Future of the Humanities
 
板垣竜太Ryûta Itagaki
日本同志社大學韓國研究教授
 “Of Grammatology in North Korea, 1945-58.”
 
磯前順一Jun’ichi Isomae
(京都日本研究國際中心宗教學教授)
The Adventure of Japanese Studies: In the Case of International Research Center for Japanese Studies, Kyoto
 
酒井直樹 Naoki Sakai
(康乃爾大學東亞研究╱比較文學系教授)
Internationality, Universality, and the Modern Regime of Translation

 
 
 
June 6 10:10-13:00
 
磯前順一Jun’ichi Isomae
(京都日本研究國際中心宗教學教授)
Room C403, HSS, NTHU
Listening to the Disquiet Voices from the Dead in Northeast Japan Colonialism